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Birth Control Options
Birth Control Options

Birth control is the process of preventing pregnancy, in a multitude of ways with each one possessing a number of advantages and disadvantages. It can be employed by both men & women and common options include intrauterine devices (IUD), pills, vasectomy or condoms, each weighing its own share of benefits and drawbacks.

The information included in this page is not a substitute for medical advice. The list of side effects may not include all side effects as drugs can affect all people differently. Any dosage information may not include all dosage information. It is important to discuss with a medical professional that knows your medical history well which dosage is right for you and if there are any potential risks or possible side effects. Our goal is to provide relevant information but this page may not include all up-to-date information.

What are the Best Birth Control Options?

The best birth control options prevent pregnancy and enable one to lead a healthy & fit life. There are a number of options available nowadays that allow one to avoid an unwanted pregnancy. However, the best birth control options differ from person to person, depending upon the choices available and needs at the time.

It is necessary and imperative to speak with a physician to determine which birth control option is most appropriate for your individual needs. Birth control options can vary depending on an individuals medical conditions, family history and past reactions to medication.

Best Birth Control Options Using Pills

Birth control pills often consist of small amounts of only human-made progestin or both estrogen and progesterone hormones. They become a part of the individuals’ natural hormones to prevent pregnancy by stopping the release of eggs by the ovaries or blocking the sperm's access to an egg.

These options are considered 91% effective and birth control costs can range from $0-$50. A prescription from a physician is required to obtain these contraceptives. Birth control pills are most effective when taken orally on a daily basis at the same time every day thus requiring planning as well as diligence to ensure the pills are taken on schedule to prevent pregnancy.

Progestogen-only Pill

One of the traditional contraceptive pills, a progestogen-only pill prevents the chance of getting pregnant through the thickening of mucus on the cervix via inhibition of human-made progestogen hormones so as to stop sperms from reaching an egg. They need to be taken every day for them to function properly and decrease any chance of pregnancy.

Combined Pill

Often referred to as the pill, it comprises both estrogen and progesterone hormones, designed to be taken only by women orally. One example of a combined estrogen and progesterone pill is Sprintec birth control.

The pill prevents pregnancy by stopping the release of an egg every month, i.e., ovulation to be specific. It further works by either thickening mucus within the cervix so that no sperm is able to reach the egg or by thinning the uterine lining walls lessening the chance of a fertilized egg implanting there.

Birth control, such as Sprintec birth control, can also have benefits such as reducing blood loss and lessening period pain as well as making menstration more regular. Birth control also has the potential to decrease risk of ovarian cysts and certain birth controls can be used in part as acne treatment.

However, individuals react differently to birth control options thus benefits vary from person to person.

Best Birth Control Options Using Barrier Methods

Barrier methods control pregnancy by blocking sperm from entering the uterus and further fertilizing an egg. Often barrier birth control options are advised to be accompanied by spermicide, to enhance efficiency. Spermicides often come in the form of gel, cream, jelly, foam, film or suppository. These methods unfortunately do not protect against sexually transmitted infections.

Let's discover the barrier birth control methods in detail:

Contraceptive Implant

The contraceptive implant, often referred to as Nexplanon, consists of a small-size plastic flexible rod that is often placed under the skin in the upper arm. It releases progestogen hormone within the human body's bloodstream which can prevent pregnancy up to 5 years.

It prevents pregnancy by not allowing ovulation while also thickening cervical mucus to prevent sperm from entering and fertilizing an egg.

The implant is 99% effective and is required to be implanted by either a doctor or a nurse. This contraceptive costs between $0-$1300 depending on insurance coverage.

Contraceptive Injection

Contraceptive injection, often containing the formulation of Depo-Provera, Sayana Press or Noristerat, enables the release of progesterone hormone within the human body's bloodstream so as to prevent getting pregnant.

Noristerat prevents pregnancy for 8 weeks, Depo-Provera for 13 weeks as well as Sayana Press for 13 weeks. Apart from not allowing ovulation, contraceptive injection thickens the cervical mucus to prevent any potential sperm from encountering an egg should it be released.

The birth control shot is 94% effective but requires attention in getting a new shot on time to prevent pregnancy. A prescription is required and this method can be injected by either a doctor or nurse or if desired by the individual at home. This birth control option costs between $0-$150 depending on healthcare coverage.

Contraceptive Patch

A contraceptive patch comprises a small sticky patch that is attached to an upper arm, belly, butt, or back which releases hormones through the skin to prevent pregnancy. Similar to the combined pill, it releases estrogen and progesterone, thereby eliminating the chance of ovulation. Furthermore, it thickens the cervical mucus so as to prevent sperm from reaching the and fertilizing an egg.

This contraceptive option is 91% effective and like other hormonal birth control options require attention in replacing the patch with a new patch on time in order to prevent pregnancy. The patch can cost anywhere between $0-$150 depending on coverage and requires a prescription to obtain.

IUS (Intrauterine System or Hormonal Coil)

An intrauterine system, commonly abbreviated as IUS or referred to as the hormonal coil, is a plastic-material T-shaped coil that is interested within the womb to release the progesterone hormone within it to prevent pregnancy for 3 to 5 years. The intrauterine system is reversible birth control, which can be removed to brighten up the chances for conceiving. It may or may not prevent ovulation, but it successfully thickens the cervical mucus to prevent sperms from reaching out to the fertilized egg as well as thins the womb walls for discarding any chance for the fertilized egg to implant itself within the womb.

Vaginal Ring

A vaginal ring, also referred to as NuvaRing or ANNOVERA ring, is a soft plastic ring-shaped material that is inserted within the vagina. It works on the principle of releasing estrogen and progesterone hormones within the bloodstream to prevent ovulation and to lessen any chance of getting pregnant. Furthermore, it increases its effectiveness through thickening of cervical mucus to disable sperm from reaching the fertilized egg.

The NuvaRing can be used to safely skip periods and can last for up to 5 weeks before needing to be removed and replaced. The ANNOVERA ring lasts for 1 year or 13 cycles. It is inserted for a consecutive 21 days at a time and then removed and cleaned for 7 days as well as stored in a case before being reinserted.

In order to properly prevent pregnancy utilizing either birth control option, following the schedule for the specific ring is necessary. Rings are 91% effective and can cost between $0-$200 as well as require a prescription in order to obtain.

Hormonal IUDs (Intrauterine Device or Coil)

An intrauterine device, commonly known as IUD, intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD) or coil, is a T-shaped device inserted within the uterus to prevent pregnancy. It is one of the most long-lasting reversible birth control (LARC).

There are 4 types of hormonal IUDs: Mirena, Kyleena, Liletta, and Skyla IUDs which use the hormone progestin to prevent pregnancy. Mirena works for up to 7 years. Kyleena works for up to 5 years. Liletta works for up to 7 years. Skyla works for up to 3 years.

These birth control options are 99% effective and can be easily removed if an individual decides to try and get pregnant or no longer wishes to have an IUD. They require a doctor’s prescription and to be inserted by a doctor or nurse. The typical cost of an IUD is between $0-$1,300 depending on an individual’s coverage.

Best Non-hormonal Birth Control Options

Non-hormonal birth control options are often appealing to people due to the non-involvement of hormones. It is ideal for those conditions in which less sexual intercourse happens, no alteration with the natural menstrual cycle is applauded, dealing with non-availability of insurance coverage or used as a backup to cover up for the loose ends in other birth control methods. Let's discover the non-hormonal birth control options in detail as follows:

Male Condoms

A male condom is a sheath-shaped barrier device worn by men during sexual intercourse so as to block the path for sperm to reach a fertilized egg. It is also used to avoid any kind of sexually transmitted infections with the exception of condoms made with lambskin or other animal membranes which do not protect against STIs.

External condoms are worn on the penis and often referred to as Male Condoms. They work by forming a very thin latex barrier, which is usually made of polyisoprene or polyurethane to help minimize the chances of pregnancy.

Male condoms are considered to be 85% effective but can run the risk of breaking which can lead to pregnancy. They typically cost around $2 per condom and do not require a prescription to obtain.

Female Condoms

A female condom or an internal condom is made of thin synthetic latex and is designed for females to be worn inside the vagina so as to prevent pregnancy. It works on the principle of barrier contraception method by stopping the sperms from reaching out to a fertilized egg. This form of contraceptive also works well to inhibit the spread of sexually transmitted infections.

Female condoms are 79% effective and cost around $2 per condom with.

Copper IUDs (Intrauterine Device or Coil)

A copper IUD or the Paragard IUD uses copper to prevent pregnancy because sperm doesn’t like copper thus prevents it from ever reaching a released egg. Copper IUDs can last up to 12 years and are 99% effective in preventing pregnancy.

Copper IUDs also work as an emergency contraceptive and can be inserted 120 hours or 5 days after unprotected sex and can be more than 99.9% effective as long as an egg has not already been fertilized.

This form of birth control costs between $0-$1,300 depending on coverage and must be inserted by a doctor.

Contraceptive Caps or Diaphragms

A contraceptive cap or diaphragm is made of silicone material, molded in the shape of a thin circular dome that is inserted into the vagina prior to intercourse. It prevents pregnancy by closing the mouth of the cervix so as to prevent sperm from getting into the womb to fertilize an egg. Its effectiveness is often complemented by a sperm-killing gel, known as a spermicide. For best results, it must be left in the vagina for at least 6 six hours after intercourse and up to 2 days.

These birth control options are 71-86% effective. They require a prescription and can cost between $0-$90, coverage dependent.

Sponge

A sponge is a foam-based material that works on the same principle as a cap or diaphragm to avoid pregnancy, however, a sponge comes with spermicide to slow down sperm to prevent it from reaching an egg. It also prevents pregnancy by closing the mouth of the cervix to disable sperm from reaching inside the womb to initiate a possible pregnancy. It is necessary to be inserted before sex to work properly.

This birth control option is 76-88% effective and requires no prescriptions. It costs about $15 for 3 sponges.

Vaginal Gel or Spermicide

A vaginal gel is an anti-infective that works on the principle of raising the pH level of the vagina to disable the sperm from traveling through the reproductive canal. It is applied prior to sexual intercourse within the vagina with the help of a dedicated applicator.

It is 72-86% effective and does not require a prescription to obtain. It can cost up to $270.

Best Surgical Birth Control Options

Surgical birth control options commonly are combined within the sterilization domain, namely vasectomy and tubal ligation. It is either a permanent or reversible method to avoid pregnancy and involves surgical processes. Let's discover surgical birth control in detail as follows:

Sterilization

The sterilization of surgical birth control can be achieved in two ways; tubal ligation and vasectomy. The tubal ligation, also referred to as tubal sterilization or getting your tubes tied, involves the blockage of women's fallopian tubes to disable eggs from reaching inside the uterus. This option costs between $0-$6,000 and lasts a lifetime while being 99% effective.

Whereas vasectomy seals the tubes within testes that carry the sperms. Vasectomy is a reversible birth control mechanism, however, tubal ligation is a permanent method. This option costs between $0-$1,000 and is 99% effective and lasts a lifetime.

Keep in mind, sterilization unfortunately does not ensure the prevention of getting away with sexually transmitted diseases.

Best Behavioral Birth Control Options

Behavioral birth control options include: outercourse, pull-out method, as well as natural family planning, but keep in mind adherence to certain rules are necessary to avoid pregnancy. Let's discover behavioral birth control options in detail as follows:

Outercourse

Outercourse or abstinence is the birth control mechanism through which the penis does not go inside the vagina, thereby removing any chance of pregnancy. Some forms of this, such as oral or anal sex, do not prevent against the spread of sexually tramsitted infections.

Pull-out Method

The pull-out method is the birth control tactic in which a man pulls out his penis from the vagina before he ejaculates to avoid pregnancy. This method is 78% effective and must be done correctly every time to prevent pregnancy as even a small amount of sperm within the vagina can lead to pregnancy.

Natural Family Planning (Fertility Awareness)

Natural family planning, commonly known as Fertility Awareness Methods (FAMs), is a birth control process where women monitor and record their ovulation days based on their menstrual cycle to avoid getting pregnant. It involves identifying the ovulation days based on the length of their menstrual cycle, daily readings of body temperature and changes within cervical secretion.

FAMS require dedication and following through with necessary fertility charting as well as abstaining from sex during specific periods to prevent pregnany. FAMs can be 76-88% effective when followed correctly, however, it is often advised to consult a qualified fertility specialist for effective family planning, who often guides women to follow a fertility chart to keep a documented record of fertility signals.

Following this method can typically cost around $20 for supplies.

What Are the Birth Control Options When Breastfeeding?

While breastfeeding, there are a number of safe and secure birth control options available that can be used by a mother to avoid pregnancy. Breastfeeding alone reduces the chances of pregnancy, provided that one is exclusively breastfeeding, with effects lasting for 6 months post the baby's birth.

To achieve so, a mother must feed the baby every 4 hours during the day and every 6 hours during the night. However, there are chances a breastfeeding individual may ovulate without knowing and might get pregnant in the process. Therefore, it is safest to say that one must consult the doctor, for he/she may recommend pills that are exclusively progesterone based, for estrogen has been scientifically linked with lowering milk supply.

To be on the safe side, one can choose from the following safest birth control options while breastfeeding:

Mini-pill

A mini-pill contains progesterone hormone only to help a breastfeeding mother avoid pregnancy. Due to the absence of estrogen hormone, milk supply is not reduced and pregnancy is also avoided in the process. It is usually prescribed by the doctor and is often taken 6 to 8 weeks post-birth. Periods come at regular intervals, however, spotting or irregular bleeding is often experienced by some breastfeeding mothers.

IUD

IUDs are long-lasting reversible contraceptives that can come both in hormonal or non-hormonal forms prescribed by doctors only to avoid pregnancy. They contain progestin, synthetic progesterone, to disable any chance of pregnancy. They might affect the regularity of periods as well as shorten their days of occurrence.

Barrier Methods

Barrier methods offer blockage to sperm from reaching out to the fertilized egg and can be used as soon as post-birth sexual intercourse becomes a possibility. The barrier methods which are safe to use during breastfeeding are as follows:

Condoms

Sponge

Cap or Diaphragm

Implant

The implant birth control option can be used by breastfeeding mothers to avoid pregnancy as they contain synthetic progesterone hormone, progestin. An implant can be inserted immediately after delivery and can be removed once one decides to try to get pregnant again. This method comes with the least complications for breastfeeding mothers in terms of preventing any chance of getting pregnant.

Depo-Provera Shot

A Deop-Provera shot provides protection against pregnancy by being effective for 3 months since the day of the shot. For breastfeeding mothers, it is one of the recommended methods for birth control.

The appointment schedules for receiving the shots must be followed religiously by a breastfeeding mother every 12 weeks. To get pregnant again, a breastfeeding mother might have to wait at least 10 months after the date of discontinuity before being able to become pregnant again.

Natural Family Planning

This method requires attention to detail and might be one of the most difficult yet effective birth control options for breastfeeding mothers. To avoid pregnancy, a breastfeeding mother should keep track of the body's signals. However, post-birth keeping track of the body's signals might become a bit difficult for the first few periods, as breastfeeding mothers might be having irregular periods that will vary in nature from previous ones. It is often advised by medical specialists to back up the natural family planning with other birth control options, such as:

Condoms

Cervical Caps

Diaphragm

Sterilization

The sterilization method works the best for those breastfeeding mothers who are no longer interested in having more children, as it is the permanent form of birth control. This mechanism, however, does not affect the menstrual cycle and can be achieved during cesarean delivery or after vaginal delivery.

It is often prescribed for breastfeeding mothers to consult a doctor as well as a lactation consultant to discuss the whole process beforehand as well as to discuss the medication necessary for these procedures and how to be safe while also breastfeeding.

Birth Control Pricing

With the wide variety of brand birth control options as well as generic options, the pricing can vary from product to product. Along with this, insurance coverage can vary from plan to state.

What Are the Best Birth Control Options?

The best birth control method varies from person to person. What's right for one person may not be right for another depending on an individual's desire to refill monthly prescriptions or remember to take a contraceptive daily. The best birth control option is the one that prevents pregnancy and lets a person enjoy a healthy life.

Nowadays, there are many birth control options, hormonal or non-hormonal, available to prevent unwanted pregnancy. However, the most effective birth control option is the use of male condoms alongside any other form of birth control.

FAQs

What Are the Birth Control Options When Breastfeeding?

If you want to prevent getting pregnant while breastfeeding, then it is better to avoid birth control that contains the hormone estrogen as it can affect milk supply. However, you can opt for the following birth control options during breastfeeding:

  • Barrier methods such as condoms, sponge, cap, or diaphragm
  • Mini-pill
  • Intrauterine devices (IUDs)
  • Contraceptive implant Nexplanon
  • Depo-Provera shot
  • Natural family planning (NFP)

What Are My Birth Control Options?

There are many birth control options available and every method has its own share of advantages and disadvantages. Some of the birth control options are as follows:

Intrauterine devices (IUDs)

Pills

Combinations pills: ex. Sprintec birth control

Progesterone-only pills

Vasectomy

Barrier methods such as condoms, sponge, cap, or diaphragm

Natural family planning (NFP)

What Are Other Birth Control Options Besides the Pill?

Following are the alternative birth control options for people who don’t want to use any pills:

  • Male and Female condoms
  • The sponge
  • Cervical cap
  • Spermicides
  • Diaphragm
  • Non-hormonal intrauterine devices (IUDs)
  • Sterilization
  • Withdrawal method

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Euthyrox
Side Effects of Euthyrox

Euthyrox is a thyroid medication that is used to replace a hormone that is usually naturally produced by the thyroid gland to regulate the body's metabolism and energy. Euthyrox is a man made version of the natural hormone called thyrozine. In this article, we will discuss what euthyrox is used for, side effects of euthyrox as well as cost.

Euthyrox is used to treat hypothyroidism which is when the thyroid does not produce enough of hormones to properly function. Euthyrox can also be used to treat or prevent an enlarged thyroid gland which can be caused by radiation treatment, surgery, cancer or hormone imbalances.

Levothyroxine is the generic version of brand name Euthyrox. This drug can also be found under other names such as:

  • Levothroid
  • Levoxyl
  • Synthroid
  • Tirosint
  • Unithroid

While typically switching between a generic and brand name drug is not an issue, there have been some negative experiences and side effects of euthyrox reported by those who switched to the generic levothyroxine from a brand name. Consult your healthcare professional to determine if switching may be a problem or to properly discuss the various contradictory information available about the generic vs brand name versions of this medication. Some issues that occurred where: dry skin, body aches, numbness or tingling in hands, or fatigue. Pre-existing health conditions may make some individuals not suitable for the generic brand of this medication.

The American Thyroid Association recommends taking the same brand or generic version of this medication throughout treatment. Thyroid disease may require lifelong therapy and is best treated with consistent and precise treatment with the same medication.

This medication comes in a variety of forms such as a liquid filled capsule, solution as well as tablet.

Disclaimer

The information included in this page is not a substitute for medical advice. The list of side effects may not include all side effects as drugs can affect all people differently. Any dosage information may not include all dosage information. It is important to discuss with a medical professional that knows your medical history well which dosage is right for you and if there are any potential risks or possible side effects. Our goal is to provide relevant information but this page may not include all up-to-date information.

Warning

Euthyrox cannot be used if you have certain medical conditions such as untreated or uncontrolled adrenal gland disorder, a thyroid disorder called thyrotoxicosis, or have had any recent or current symptoms of a heart attack.

Side Effects of Euthyrox

If you have an allergic reaction to this medication, you should get emergency help immediately. Some indications are hives, difficulty breathing, swelling of face, lips, tongue or throat

Call your doctor at once if you also experience any of these side effects of euthyrox:

  • fast or irregular heartbeats
  • fever, hot flashes, sweating
  • chest pain, pain spreading to your jaw or shoulder
  • shortness of breath
  • headache, leg cramps, muscle aches
  • tremors, or if you feel unusually cold
  • memory problems
  • feeling depressed or irritable or nervousness
  • irregular menstrual periods
  • dryness of skin or hair, hair loss
  • vomiting, diarrhea, appetite changes, weight changes

Common side effects of euthyrox include but are not limited to:

  • increased appetite
  • shortness of breath
  • chest pain, irregular heart beats
  • changes in menstrual periods
  • diarrhea
  • skin rash, partial hair loss
  • weight loss
  • feeling hot
  • headache, leg cramps, muscle pain or weakness
  • tremors
  • feeling nervous or irritable
  • difficulty sleeping

Cost of Euthyrox

The cost of this medication depends on health plan coverage as well as the drug prescribed. You or your doctor can use eNavvi to determine which version of this drug

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Albuterol Neublizer
Albuterol Neublizer

What is an albuterol nebulizer?

An albuterol nebulizer refers to the method of delivering albuterol medication using a nebulizer device. Albuterol is a bronchodilator medication commonly used to treat and manage respiratory conditions such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and other lung diseases. A nebulizer is a device that converts liquid medication into a fine mist or aerosol form, which can be inhaled into the lungs. The nebulizer consists of a compressor that generates compressed air or oxygen, a medication cup to hold the liquid medication, and a mouthpiece or mask for the patient to inhale the aerosol. When using an albuterol nebulizer, the liquid albuterol solution is placed into the medication cup of the nebulizer. The compressor then forces air or oxygen through the medication cup, causing the medication to be transformed into a mist. The patient inhales the mist through a mouthpiece or mask, allowing the medication to reach the lungs and provide bronchodilation, which helps to open up the airways and relieve symptoms such as wheezing, shortness of breath, and coughing. Nebulizers are often used in situations where individuals have difficulty using inhalers, such as young children or those with severe respiratory conditions. They can also be useful during acute episodes of breathing difficulties or when a higher dose of medication is required.

What is an albuterol nebulizer? 

Is albuterol a steroid?

No, albuterol is not a steroid medication. It belongs to a class of drugs known as bronchodilators or beta-agonists. Albuterol works by stimulating the beta-2 adrenergic receptors in the smooth muscles of the airways, leading to relaxation and widening of the air passages in the lungs. This action helps to relieve bronchospasm and improve airflow, making it easier to breathe. Steroids, on the other hand, belong to a different class of medications called corticosteroids or glucocorticoids. Steroids work by reducing inflammation in the airways and suppressing the immune response. They are often used as an anti-inflammatory treatment for respiratory conditions such as asthma and COPD. While albuterol and steroids can be used to manage respiratory conditions, they have different mechanisms of action and are prescribed for different purposes. Albuterol is primarily used for short-term relief of symptoms during acute episodes of bronchospasm, while steroids are often used for long-term control and prevention of inflammation in the airways.

How to use an albuterol inhaler?

Using an albuterol inhaler correctly is important to ensure the medication reaches your lungs effectively. Here are some basic first steps on how to use an albuterol inhaler:

  • Prepare the inhaler: Remove the cap from the inhaler and shake it well to ensure the medication is properly mixed. If it’s a new inhaler or hasn’t been used for a while, you may need to prime it by spraying a few doses into the air (following the instructions provided by the manufacturer).
  • Breathe out: Exhale fully to empty your lungs.
  • Hold the inhaler: Hold the inhaler upright with your thumb at the base and your index and middle fingers on the top, or as directed by the specific inhaler design.
  • Form a good seal: Place the mouthpiece of the inhaler in your mouth, ensuring a tight seal around it with your lips.
  • Start inhaling: As you begin to breathe in slowly and deeply through your mouth, press down on the canister to release a dose of medication. Continue inhaling steadily until your lungs are full.
  • Hold your breath: Once you’ve inhaled the medication, remove the inhaler from your mouth and hold your breath for about 10 seconds, or for as long as comfortable. This allows the medication to settle in your airways.
  • Exhale and repeat: Breathe out slowly and normally. If you need another dose, wait for about 1 minute before repeating the process. If only one dose is prescribed, replace the cap on the inhaler.

Does albuterol expire?

Yes, albuterol inhalers have an expiration date. Like any medication, albuterol can lose its effectiveness and potency over time. The expiration date is typically printed on the packaging of the inhaler or on the canister itself. It is important to check the expiration date before using the medication. Expired albuterol inhalers may not provide the expected relief or therapeutic effect. The medication may not work as effectively in opening up the airways and relieving symptoms of bronchospasm. Using expired medication is generally not recommended as it may not be safe or effective. If you have an expired albuterol inhaler, it is advisable to dispose of it properly and obtain a new inhaler with an unexpired medication.

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What is Cefprozil
What is Cefprozil

What is Cefprozil

If you have been prescribe cefprozil, you may be wondering is what ceprozil exactly or what is ceprozil used to treat?

Cefprozil is a cephalosporin antibiotic that is typically used to treat infections such as bronchitis as well as other infections such as that of the skin, ears, tonsils, throat or sinuses. This medication is used to treat bacterial infections and does so by stopping the growth of the bacteria within the body. This medication cannot be used to treat common colds or other viral infections.

The antibiotic can be prescribed as a tablet or as liquid suspension. The normal course of treatment is taking the prescribed dosage every 12 or 24 hours for a period of 10 days.

What is cefprozil dosage amounts typically? The dosage of the medication is typically determined based on individuals such as weight, medical condition or response to medication. Cefprozil usually comes in 250 mg or 500 mg as an oral tablet another option is either 25 mg/ml or 50 mg/ml as a liquid suspension.

Disclaimer: We cannot guarantee this information includes all dosage information and this information is not a substitute for medical advice. Always discuss dosages with a healthcare professional who knows your medical history.

Important Information

It is important to take this medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor which is typically once or twice a day. To ensure you do not miss a dose, it is recommended to take the medication at the same time every day.

It is important to note that stopping medication before you have finished your full treatment can be problematic and lessen the ability for the medication to treat future infections. Even if you begin to feel better, you must continue to finish the full round of medication. It is also important to note that using this medication to treat any other illnesses except that which it is prescribed may cause the medication to be ineffective in treating future bacterial infections.

Be sure to inform your doctor if you have had allergic reactions to any medications, penicillin antibiotics or other cephalosporin antibiotics such as cefazolin (Ancef, Kefzol), cefdinir , cefditoren (Spectracef), cefepime (Maxipime), cefixime (Suprax), cefotaxime (Claforan).

Side Effects

The medication can cause side effects and it is important to tell your doctor if any symptoms do not go away or are too severe. Some side effects may include but are not limited to: nausea, dizziness, stomach pain, diarrhea and vomiting.

Some more serious sides can include but are not limited to hives, itching, difficulty breathing or swallowing, wheezing, fever, swelling, or rashes. If any of these symptoms occur it is important to seek emergency medical treatment immediately and contact your doctor.

As previously mentioned, if any unusual issues occur while taking cefprozil, contact your care provider to determine what is the best course of action.

Disclaimer: We cannot guarantee this information includes all side effects as drugs affect different people differently. This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Always discuss potential risks and side effects with a healthcare professional who knows your medical history.

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Tretinoin vs Retinol

With anti-aging skincare routines becoming all the rage, you may wondering what are the differences between tretinoin vs retinol. This article will over what tretinoin and retinol are and how to best use the products.

Doctors often use eNavvi to look into which retinoids are best to prescribe for their patients based on which are covered by their insurance and based on medication pricing.

What is tretinoin vs retinol

When considering which option is best tretinoin vs retinol, it is actually important to realize that tretinoin is derived from natural occurring Vitamin A or retinol. But while these are in theory the same, they do have different impacts on skin and aging due to different potencies. Retinol is converted into tretinoin through several conversion processes before it will become pure tretinoin. Both tretinoin and retinol are typically found in gel, cream or lotion form and used topically to treat acne and reduce skin aging.

Retinol is often used to treat other skin conditions such as rosacea, melasma, psoriasis and even stretch marks. Retinol can be prescribed to help with kaposi sarcoma, which is a rare form of cancer. In this instance, retinol does not treat the cancer but can slow the rate of the sarcoma cells.

In fact, retinol and tretinoin are both in the retinoid family. Other examples of retinoids are istretinoin, adapalene, tazarotene and trifarotene. Some brand name versions of these retinoids are:

  • Adapalene (Differin®, Epiduo®).
  • Alitretinoin (Panretin®).
  • Bexarotene (Targretin®).
  • Tazarotene (Tazorac®, Avage®).
  • Tretinoin (Atralin®, Avita®, Refissa®, Renova®, Retin-A®, Tretin-X®).

Tretinoin vs retinol for wrinkles

As previously mentioned, there are some differences between tretinoin vs retinol even though they are both derived from Vitamin A. Retinol is less potent than tretinoin and can often be found over the counter. Whereas, tretinoin due to it's high potency is often prescribed by a doctor. While both can treat acne and reduce signs of aging, tretinoin is more powerful at these actions due to its high potency.

What does Tretinoin do?

Tretinoin treats acne and reduces signs of aging better and quicker than retinol. Tretinoin also improves the appearance of the sign quicker than retinol.

Tretinoin treats acne by unclogging pores, reducing inflammation and prevents the formation of new acne. It can be used to treat the various forms of acne such as blackheads and whiteheads and also papules and pustules.

Tretinoin can improve the appearance of the skin by improving the appearance of hyperpigmentation such aas sunspots, age spots, and skin discoloration from acne. This product exfoliates the skin and increases skin cell turnover.

Tretinoin also has preventative along with healing properties. This product increases the skins natural defense against damage caused by the sun while simultaneously repairing damage that has already been caused by the sun.

How to use tretinoin vs retinol?

As tretinoin is prescribed by a doctor, it is important to take the medication as prescribed by your doctor.

It is advised to use retinoid products in the evening to avoid exposure to the sun. These products can react negatively with sunlight and actually cause long term skin damage if exposed to the sun.

Usually a doctor will prescribe a lower dose of a retinoid and have the patient increase potency over time. It can take 8 to 12 weeks before the effectiveness of the medication can be determined. It is also important to note that your skin condition may worsen in the beginning of product use while the skin adjusts to the new medication.

It is also often advised to do a patch test to see how your skin will react to products such as retinol. This is where you apply a small amount to a patch of skin and see the impact. If there are no negative reactions, then it is advised to slowly begin applying the products such as using the products every few days while your skin adjusts. As your skin becomes more acquainted with the medication, you can use the product more frequently.

Side Effects of tretinoin vs retinol

Tretinoin and retinol have common side effects when you begin using the product.

Some common side effects include:

  • Itching or burning sensation of the skin
  • Redness, peeling of skin as well as flaky and scaly skin
  • Dry, irritated skin
  • Increase chance of sunburn

To avoid some of these side effects, it is always a good idea to apply sunscreen (SPF 30+) and wear protective clothing to avoid sun exposure. Only use one retinoid product at a time. Lastly, it can be helpful to wait around 30 minutes after washing your face before applying your retinoid product.

Should any side effect be too painful or concern you, it is always advised to contact your medical professional to discuss if you should continue use of the product.

Disclaimer

The information included in this page is not a substitute for medical advice. The list of side effects may not include all side effects as drugs can affect all people differently. Any dosage information may not include all dosage information. It is important to discuss with a medical professional that knows your medical history well which dosage is right for you and if there are any potential risks or possible side effects. Our goal is to provide relevant information but this page may not include all up-to-date information.

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Quinapril
Quinapril

What is Quinapril used for?


Quinapril is used alone or together with other medicines to treat hypertension, which is the medical term for high blood pressure.

Quinapril brand name:

Quinapril is available under the brand name Accupril. Accupril has the same active ingredients as Quinapril.

Quinapril side effects:

Quinapril may cause side effects while your body adjusts to the medication. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away:

  • headache
  • dizziness
  • stiffness or difficulty moving
  • excessive tiredness
  • cough
  • upset stomach
  • vomiting

Some side effects can be more serious. Call your doctor right away if you experience any ofthe following:

  • swelling of the face, throat, tongue, lips, eyes, hands, feet, ankles, or lower legs
  • hoarseness
  • difficulty breathing or swallowing
  • yellowing of the skin or eyes
  • fever, sore throat, chills, and other signs of infection
  • chest pain
  • lightheadedness
  • fainting

Who makes Quinapril?

Lupin Pharmaceuticals Inc. and Solco both produce Quinapril. Accupril, the brand name
version of Quinapril, is manufactured by Pfizer.

Quinapril recall:

Lupin Pharmaceuticals Inc, Solco, and Pfizer recalled several batches of Quinapril and Accupril in 2022 due to the presence of a nitrosamine impurity called N-Nitroso-Quinapril.
Nitrosamines are fairly common carcinogens found in water and foods, including cured and grilled meats, dairy products and vegetables. Everyone is exposed to some level of nitrosamines, but being exposed to them above acceptable levels over long periods of time may increase the risk of cancer. As of January 2023, Quinapril has been discontinued by all manufacturers.

Is Quinapril the same as Lisinopril?


Quinapril and Lisinopril belong to the same class of medications called angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. As such, they are both prescribed as antihypertensive
drugs to treat high blood pressure. Studies have shown that lisinopril is better than quinapril in reducing blood pressure after 4 and 8 weeks of active treatment.

Disclaimer

The information included in this page is not a substitute for medical advice. The list of side effects may not include all side effects as drugs can affect all people differently. Any dosage information may not include all dosage information. It is important to discuss with a medical professional that knows your medical history well which dosage is right for you and if there are any potential risks or possible side effects. Our goal is to provide relevant information but this page may not include all up-to-date information.

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Depression Medication List: 5 Most Common

Depression is a serious medical condition that can range from mild to severe and trying to navigate treatment options that best suits your particular needs is difficult. There are a variety of methods used to treat depression which may entail therapy such as cognitive behavior therapy or working with a doctor or psychiatrist to be prescribed depression medication. Here is a detailed depression medication list to help you familiarize with the antidepressant options that exist.

Depression medication is often used when therapy and other practices such as regular exercise do not fully treat depression symptoms. However, depression medication isn’t only used to treat depression. It can also be used to treat a variety of mental health disorders such as post-traumatic stress disorder or generalized anxiety disorders.

While it is necessary to consult your doctor on which medication is ideal for you, below is a detailed depression medication list of the different types of medication that are available. Here you will find more information on the different types of depression medications and which medications under each respective category have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration.

Disclaimer

The information included in this page is not a substitute for medical advice. The list of side effects may not include all side effects as drugs can affect all people differently. Any dosage information may not include all dosage information. It is important to discuss with a medical professional that knows your medical history well which dosage is right for you and if there are any potential risks or possible side effects. Our goal is to provide relevant information but this page may not include all up-to-date information.

Depression Medicaiton List - Types of Antidepressants

Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors work by increasing the amount of serotonin available in the brain, serotonin is a chemical messenger that plays a vital role in transmitting signals between brain nerves or neurons. SSRIs also act to limit the amount of serotonin that is reabsorbed by neurons. Both of these functions allow for more serotonin to be available which improves signaling between neurons.

SSRIs are the most commonly prescribed antidepressant listed on this depression medication list. This type of depression medication is often prescribed due to fewer side effects being reports by users. .

SSRIs can also be used for other medical conditions such as a treatment for individuals with anxiety disorders. SSRIs are also used to treat those with other conditions such as OCD, postpartum depression, PTSD and bulimia.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved 5 variations of SSRIs:

  • Fluoxetine (Prozac
  • Citalopram (Cipramil)
  • Escitalopram (Cipralex))
  • Praoxetine (Seroxat)
  • Sertraline (Lustral)

Below is a SSRI depression medication list.

Fluoxetine (Prozac)

Fluoxetine, or more commonly known under the brand name Prozac, is amongst the most commonly prescribed SSRIs in the United States to patients with depression. Fluoxetine may help those with depression by improving mood, quality of sleep, energy levels and/or appetite.

However, fluoxetine is not exclusively used for treating depression but is also used to treat patients with other medical conditions at the discretion of their doctor. For example, this SSRI may be used to treat obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) by helping to reduce the amount of unwanted thoughts or the urge to perform compulsion tasks.

Fluoxetine may also be used as a treatment for premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) as it may help in reducing PMDD symptoms such as depression, irritability, and increased appetite. Fluoxetine may also help in treating some eating disorders such as bulimia by possibly reducing binge and purge behaviors.

Citalopram (Cipramil)

Citalopram, otherwise known under brand names such as Celexa and Cipramil, is another form of antidepressant that may be used for other conditions under a doctor’s discretion.

Escitalopram (Cipralex)

Escitalopram or as it is known under the brand name Cipralex is an SSRI that is used to treat depression as well as other mental health conditions. Escitalopram can be used to help those with generalized anxiety, OCD as well as social anxiety disorders.

Paroxestine (Seroxat)

The SSRI called paroxetine or branded as Seroxat is used to treat depression and can be used to treat generalized anxiety disorders, OCD, PTSD and panic attacks.

Sertraline (Lustral)

Sertraline or known under the brand name Lustral is another SSRI. Like the other listed SSRIs, this prescription medication is used to treat depression, however, sertraline can be used to treat other disorders. Sertraline can be used to treat PTSD, panic disorders and OCD.

SSRIs Side Effects

SSRIs generally work in similar ways but the one best tolerated by you may vary on the medications potentencies. Side effects are typically mild and only last the first few weeks.

Common possible side effects of SSRIs may include but are not limited to:

  • Nausea and/or vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Headache
  • Drowsiness
  • Dry mouth
  • Insomnia
  • Nervousness, agitation or restlessness
  • Lightheadedness
  • Sexual problems, such as reduced sexual desire, difficulty reaching orgasm or inability to maintain an erection (erectile dysfunction)
  • Changes in appetite, which may lead to weight loss or weight gain

Inform your doctor of any side effects you are experiencing so they may assist in determining which further actions should be taken.

Selective-noradrenaline Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs)

Selective-noradrenaline Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs) were originally formulated to be more effective than SSRIs. However, SNRIs were not found to be effective for everyone across the board. Instead, SSRIs remain more effective for some while SNRIs are more effective for others.

SNRIs can also be used to treat other conditions such as anxiety disorders as well as chronic pain disorders especially those in combination with depression

This type of antidepressant works by blocking the reuptake of serotonin and norepinephrine in the brain. In doing so, it works to create changes in brain chemistry and communication between brain cells known to regulate mood.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved these SNRIs to treat depression:

  • Desvenlafaxine (Pristiq)
  • Duloxetine (Cymbalta) — also approved to treat anxiety and certain types of chronic pain
  • Levomilnacipran (Fetzima)
  • Venlafaxine (Effexor XR) — also approved to treat certain anxiety disorders and panic disorder

SNRIs Side Effects

Side effects are possible when beginning new medications, although may not always occur. Side effects are typically mild and subside in a few weeks. Some common possible side effects associated with SNRIs include but are not limited to:

  • Nausea
    • Which can be reduced by taking medication with food
  • Dry mouth
  • Lightheadedness
  • Headache
  • Excessive sweating

Other possible side effects that are less common may include but are not limited to:

  • Tiredness
  • Constipation
  • Insomnia
  • Changes in sexual function
    • This may include such reduced sexual desire, difficulty reaching orgasm or erectile dysfunction
  • Loss of appetite

Consult your doctor on potential side effects and which dose is most appropriate for you and the current symptoms you are experiencing. Read the warnings below when determining to start or stop taking any type of medication from the depression medication list.

Noradrenaline and specific serotonergic antidepressants (NASSAs)

Noradrenaline and specific serotonergic antidepressants (NASSAs) are primarily used to treat depression in those that are unable to take the other classes of antidepressants. One reason NASSA may be prescribed is that they are believed to have less impact on sexual function.

A commonly known NASSA is mirtazapine or marketed as Zispin.

NASSAs work by increasing the amount of serotonin and noradrenaline in the neurotransmitter system while also blocking the reuptake of serotonin by serotonin receptors.

NASSAs Side Effects

NASSAs come with the potential of unpleasant side effects. The most common side effect being drowsiness when first beginning treatment. Some other side effects include but are not limited to:

  • Dry mouth
  • Weight gain
  • Constipation
  • Dizziness

Serotonin antagonists and reuptake inhibitors (SARIs)

Serotonin antagonists and reuptake inhibitors or SARIs are a form of antidepressants used to treat major depressive disorder. This particular antidepressant works differently than SSRIs and SRNIs.

SARIs allow for serotonin to remain in the neurotransmitter system for longer by blocking the reuptake of serotonin by serotonin receptors. These work in a way that lessens the frequency of serotonin being removed from the neurotransmitter system which allows for increased mood as well as energy for those suffering from depression.

Commonly known SARIs are trazodone which is also marketed under the brand name Molipaxin and nefazodone which is known under the brand name Serzone. This type of antidepressant can also be used to treat anxiety as well as insomnia in certain patients either suffering from these symptoms alongside depression or independently. .

SARI Side Effects

Like the other classes of antidepressants, SARIs also may cause some unwanted side effects. Some of the side effects include (but are not limited to):

  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Blurred vision
  • Drowsiness
  • Fatigue
  • Dry mouth
  • Constipation

Older Antidepressants

Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) and Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) are older types of antidepressants that are not often prescribed nowadays. These two types of antidepressants are not prescribed as frequently due to their more serious side effects and in some cases can be fatal in large doses.

These antidepressants are prescribed when an individual does not respond to more commonly prescribed drugs. These prescription medications may also be used to treat other conditions. For example, some types of TCAs may be used to treat OCD or even chronic nerve pain.

Some common MAOIs are:

  • tranylcypromine
  • phenelzine
  • Isocarboxazid

Some common TCAs are:

  • amitriptyline (Tryptizol)
  • clomipramine (Anafranil)
  • dosulepin (Prothiaden)
  • imipramine (Tofranil)
  • lofepramine (Gamanil)
  • nortriptyline (Allegron)

Other Antidepressants

Some other antidepressants include bupropion which belong to the aminoketone class. This medication works by inhibiting the reuptake of dopamine, serotonin and norepinephrine resulting in more available chemicals to transmit messages to other nerves. . This results in more of these chemicals available to transmit messages to other nerves. Wellbutrin is unique because of its its major effect is on dopamine.

Depression Medication List Disclaimer

In order to determine which prescription from the above depression medication list is best for you, it is best to consult your doctor on potential side effects and which dose is most appropriate for you and your current symptoms. It is also important to make your doctor aware of any other conditions you may have such as (but not limited to) heart issues, epilepsy or diabetes.

Antidepressants may interact with certain conditions or other medications unfavorably thus it is important to be transparent with your doctor to ensure the best medication is prescribed to you. Also, read the warnings below when determining to start or stop taking any type of medication from the depression medication list.

Depression Medication List Warnings

Before deciding which anti-depression medication is best for you from the depression medication list, it is important to not only consult your doctor but to inform them of any current medication you are taking or have taken in the past. It is important to inform your doctor of your current symptoms so they may decide the best course of medication to treat your current symptoms.

Once you begin taking medication to treat your depression, it is important to pay close attention to any changes in mood or any new or worsening thoughts or symptoms. Also be sure to inform your doctor if the medication is not working for you.

When taking any form of medication, follow your doctor’s instructions and the prescription label exactly.

When deciding to stop taking any type of antidepressant, it is important to not suddenly stop taking the medication but to first consult your doctor. Suddenly stopping the use of any medication may cause unwanted side effects or withdrawal, it is important to receive doctors’ instructions on how to safely stop taking your prescription medication.

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Childhood Asthma
Childhood Asthma

What Is Childhood Asthma?

Asthma is a chronic lung disease which can cause the lungs and airways to become inflamed or narrowed due to exposure to certain triggers, making it difficult to breathe. According to the American Lung Association, asthma is the most common chronic condition among children and currently effects an estimate of 6.1 million children in the United States.

As a result, childhood asthma is a leading cause of school absences and even hospitalization in the unfortunate event of a flare-up known commonly as an ‘asthma attack.’ There is currently no known cure for childhood asthma, but it can be effectively managed through treatment and proper care.

What Causes Childhood Asthma?

While the exact cause of childhood asthma is still currently unknown, it is likely that genetics and environment may be factors in its development. A child with an inherited tendency to develop allergies or parents who have asthma might be more likely to develop childhood asthma. Environmental factors like secondhand smoke or air pollution where the child lives can also come into play. Asthma attacks often occur after exposure to any variety of asthma triggers, and childhood asthma is no exception.

The most common types of childhood asthma are identified by their triggers. Allergic asthma is set off by exposure to an allergen (i.e. pollen, mold, dust mites, pet dander), while virus-induced asthma means that asthma symptoms present if a child is fighting a cold or respiratory infection. Exercise-induced asthma may cause children to show symptoms after physical activity like a gym class or sports practice.

It’s important to note that while some cases of childhood asthma are trigger specific, any number of triggers can cause asthma symptoms to arise in children, and sometimes it might seem like there is no trigger at all. Delayed reactions to triggers can make them harder to identify right away.

Common Triggers

Other common triggers include:

  • Indoor and outdoor air pollutants such as tobacco smoke or particle pollution
  • Exposure to cold air or sudden temperature change
  • Excitement or stress

Symptoms of Childhood Asthma

Signs and symptoms of childhood asthma may vary from child to child, or episode to episode. It is possible for a child to exhibit only one symptom or several at a time.

Some of the most common symptoms are:

  • Frequent cough or coughing spells
  • Wheezing or whistling sounds
  • Shortness of breath Rapid breathing
  • Chest tightness

Additional signs to look out for include:

  • Trouble sleeping due to breathing problems
  • Coughing or wheezing episodes that get worse with a cold or flu
  • Delayed recovery from any respiratory issues
  • Trouble breathing that hinders play/exercise
  • Sore and chest neck muscles

When children experience asthma attacks, these symptoms can get much worse and become dangerous or potentially life-threatening.

Stay vigilant for warning signs like:

  • Severe coughing
  • Serious breathing problems
  • Turning blue in the face, lips, and/or fingernails
  • Chest and sides pulling inward, struggling to breathe
  • Using abdominal muscles to breathe
  • Abdomen is sucked under the ribs when inhaling
  • Nostrils widen when breathing in
  • Fast Heartbeat

In the event of a severe asthma attack, seek medical attention right away.

How Is Childhood Asthma Diagnosed?

A pediatrician or primary care doctor typically diagnoses childhood asthma by taking a thorough medical history, asking questions about the child’s symptoms, conducting a physical exam, and sometimes performing chest x-rays or other imaging tests to rule out other causes for the child’s symptoms.

Children over the age of 5 receive a lung function test, which requires them to blow forcefully into a spirometer - a tubelike instrument that measures the volume and speed of the air flowing through it. If a child is too young for the spirometry test, some doctors might try prescribing asthma medicines for a few months to see how the child responds. Doctors may also test for other conditions that can exacerbate or set off childhood asthma, such as allergies or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

Treatment for Childhood Asthma

After a childhood asthma diagnosis, a healthcare provider will put together a treatment plan to help manage symptoms and prevent asthma attacks, as well as an asthma action plan with triggers to avoid and actions to follow in the event an asthma attack still occurs.

There are short term and long term medical treatments for childhood asthma, and both are often necessary for a successful treatment plan. Short term quick relief medicines like rescue inhalers work fast within 10 minutes to relieve or prevent symptoms during an asthma attack, while long term control medicines like inhaled corticosteroids are able to reduce inflammation of the airways and prevent them from narrowing over time.

Childhood Asthma Risk Factors & Prevention

Childhood asthma may be more likely to develop as a result of the following risk factors:

  • A family history of allergies or asthma Living somewhere with high air pollution
  • Previous allergic reactions - including hay fever, food allergies, and skin reactions
  • Other respiratory conditions - previous infections, chronic runny nose, pneumonia
  • Childhood obesity
  • Heartburn or GERD

The best way to prevent childhood asthma is to closely follow treatment and action plans from a healthcare provider.

Here are some prevention techniques that can help:

  • Identifying triggers and limit exposure to them to avoid asthma symptoms
  • Providing a smoke-free environment - exposure to tobacco smoke, especially in infancy, is a major risk factor for developing childhood asthma and can also be a trigger later on
  • Staying active and maintaining a healthy weight - while activity can sometimes be a trigger for exercise-induced childhood asthma, being overweight can also worsen asthma symptoms and create other health risks for the child
  • Keeping heartburn under control as it is a common asthma trigger
  • Make sure to consult with a healthcare provider often, as asthma changes over time and regular check ins can allow necessary adjustments to the treatment plan in order to keep symptoms under control
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Synthroid
Synthroid

What is synthroid?

Synthroid is a prescription only man-made synthetic hormone similar to the one that is naturally produced by the thyroid, called thyroxine. Thyroxine (T4) plays an essential role in the body by regulating many of its processes such as digestion, temperature, and metabolism. Low thyroid hormone production can occur naturally for some, but this can also be a result of injury to the thyroid gland after radiation/medication or surgical removal of the gland altogether.

Synthroid is used to treat hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) and other types of thyroid disorders in adults and children, including infants. It is important to have enough thyroid hormone in order to support normal physical and mental activity, and even more important for children since they need it to achieve normal physical and mental development.

Brand names and generics:

Synthroid is one of several brand names for a medication containing the active ingredient levothyroxine, a synthetic thyroid hormone. Other brand names for levothyroxine include Tirosint, Levothroid, Unithroid, Levo-T, and Levoxyl, and the generic name for Synthroid is levothyroxine sodium. While these medications all share the same active ingredients, their inactive ingredients and preparations may vary. For example, while Synthroid is available as a capsule, Tirosint is available as a gel capsule and liquid solution as well.

Dosage:

Synthroid comes as a tablet that you swallow in the following dosages: 25 micrograms (mcg), 50 mcg, 75 mcg, 88 mcg, 100 mcg, 112 mcg, 125 mcg, 137 mcg, 150 mcg, 175 mcg, 200 mcg, and 300 mcg.

The recommended dosage for Synthroid depends on the cause of the hypothyroidism and how long the hypothyroidism has been diagnosed. A healthcare professional will assist in guiding you to the correct dosage of this medication.

Side effects:

Synthroid has some common side effects which include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Nervousness/irritability
  • Rapid or irregular heartbeat
  • Hair loss
  • Excessive sweating
  • Change in appetite/weight loss
  • Vomiting/diarrhea
  • Change in menstrual periods
  • Impaired fertility
  • Muscle weakness/spasms
  • Decrease bone density
  • Intolerance to heat

More serious side effects may occur also:

  • Fast or irregular heartbeat
  • High blood pressure
  • Heart failure
  • Chest pain
  • Heart attack
  • Cardiac arrest

Synthroid Cost:

Like many other medications, the cost of Synthroid will vary based on insurance coverage and other factors. Synthroid is available in a generic format as levothyroxine sodium which could be a cheaper alternative for some patients. The FDA assures consumers that the generic medications it approves are just as safe and effective as the brand names, but in this case the small discrepancies that the FDA allows can sometimes have significant effects. Check out eNavvi to see what synthroid might cost you.

Brand vs Generic:

The FDA has stated that generic and brand name drugs should be able to be used interchangeably without negative effects because of the strict rules it enforces in maintaining the quality, strength, and purity of the active ingredient in both generic and brand name drugs. A 2020 study (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7527873/) showed that generic and brand name levothyroxine achieved similar success rates in patients.

However, healthcare professionals have pointed out that the variations in the inactive ingredients in these drug preparations can have a significant effect on how certain people absorb and metabolize the medication. It is also important to note that even though the FDA requires levothyroxine by law to fall within 5% of its stated potency, it can range anywhere from 95% to 105% between manufacturers. These small discrepancies can lead to major differences over time, which is important to consider when dealing with a condition like hypothyroidism that often requires long term treatment.

Let’s use a 100 mcg tab of levothyroxine as an example, with drugmaker A at 96% potency and drugmaker B at 105%. If a patient has been taking effectively 96 mcg of levothyroxine daily from drugmaker A and then starts taking 105 mcg daily after picking up a new prescription from drugmaker B, after one week that is now a difference of + 65 mcg, which is almost like taking an extra pill each week. Conversely, if the patient was to make the switch from B to A, this would be like taking half a pill less each week, which could also have a negative effect.

Because of these discrepancies, the American Thyroid Association recommends sticking to the brand, dosage, and manufacturer that works best for you individually. Hypothyroidism is a condition that can require lifelong therapy and consistent, precise treatment is the best way to maximize success.

Make sure to ask your doctor to write their specific preference with “DAW” for “dispense as written” or “no generic substitution” on your prescription to prevent unexpected changes and ensure that your medication is filled correctly and consistently by the pharmacist.

Disclaimer

The information included in this page is not a substitute for medical advice. The list of side effects may not include all side effects as drugs can affect all people differently. Any dosage information may not include all dosage information. It is important to discuss with a medical professional that knows your medical history well which dosage is right for you and if there are any potential risks or possible side effects. Our goal is to provide relevant information but this page may not include all up-to-date information.

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Prednisone Introduction
Prednisone Introduction

Prednisone belongs to the group of steroid drugs in general under the drug class of corticosteroids. The other drugs within the same class are methylprednisolone, hydrocortisone and prednisolone. This prescription drug is generally part of a treatment plan and can be taken as a pill or an injection.

Prednisone is used extensively in situations where the patients have a weakened immune system. In other words, they are prone to various kinds of bacterial and viral infections. Therefore, this medicine acts as a supplement to other antibiotics to control the spread of any kind of infection.

Function

The immune system of our body relies on threshold levels of all chemicals. Slights fluctuations in these levels can have long term effects if not treated promptly. Our body’s immune response to any kind of inflammation and injury through swelling and produces steroids. These steroids retain the sensitivity of our immune system so lower levels of steroids may lead to extensive periods of swelling and inflammation. Prednisone is used to raise the steroid levels in order to reduce an immune system response. For this reason this medicine is quite applicable in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis where an individual’s immune system attacks their own tissues after detecting an infection or inflammation.

Application of Prednisone

There are various situations within which Prednisone is prescribed to control the immune system’s reaction to injuries, inflammation and foreign agents. In general, it is prescribed to patients with rashes, asthma, arthritis and a kidney infection known as Lupus. As there are multiple causes of lupus, the best way to control its impact is lowering the immune system’s sensitivity to inflammations and swelling. That is how the body continues to perform its regular functions.

Furthermore, Prednisone is also prescribed in case of a kidney transplant. In general, there are maximum chances of our defense system getting activated with the transplantation of a new kidney considering it as a foreign agent. This can be fatal as the kidney will not be able to function and resultantly the body will continue to store waste causing fatal diseases. Conversely, the application of Prednisone lowers the defending response of one’s immune system thereby letting the new kidney perform its regular functions without the threat of being attacked by white blood cells and other defending agents.

In addition, Prednisone is also used to control a condition known as proteinuria in which protein leaks into an individual’s urine thereby reducing the amount of blood requisite in the vessels. This shortage of protein is caused by some of the renal disorders such as IGA Nephropathy, Minimal Change Disease and Focal Glomerulosclerosis leading towards a Nephrotic Syndrome affecting the balance of proteins in the human body. Prednisone in this situation is used to control proteinuria and therefore helps in maintaining protein balance within the human body. In addition to the aforementioned situations, Prednisone is also used alongside antibiotics particularly for patients of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome to prevent patients from different infectious diseases as the immune system is already too weak to defend against foreign agents getting inside the body.

Usage of Prednisone

The medicine comes in various forms ranging from a liquid solution to a tablet. It can be taken once every other day or taken two or three times daily alongside each meal. The best dosage will be prescribed by your doctor. In general, a doctor tries to treat a patient with a minimum possible dosage of a medicine.

The same principle is applied in the usage of Prednisone. In general, Prednisolone dosage varies between 5mg to 60mg. Due to this varying potency, the doctors monitor the conditions of their patients alongside their age, height and weight before prescribing the appropriate dosage so that it may not have any harmful effects on the body.

Doctors usually advise their patients to take a single dose alongside their breakfast in the morning. The significance of taking it in the morning is to avoid impacts on your sleep cycle. Also it is important to take the medication with food.

If the dosage is gradually lowered as an abrupt break from its consumption would have severe effects such as irregular heart rate, high blood pressure and unusual stress patterns. Keep in mind that the doctor will lower your dosage while continuing to monitor your conditions. Therefore, you need to continue to visit your doctor to provide feedback on a regular basis.

If you feel strange patterns of heartbeat, blood sugar levels, and blood pressure, share all information with your doctor so that your dosage is shifted to suit your body conditions. A doctor determines the quantity of your dose keeping in view the nature and intensity of your kidney disorder. Thus, no need to rely on self-medication.

Make sure not to miss any dosage or stop taking the medicine otherwise you may feel extreme lethargy and dizziness as the body relies on steroids to maintain proper functioning of all systems. One important point to keep in mind is that there is no hard and fast rule that the dosage will be lowered with the passage of time. This will only rely on the condition of the patient.

Disclaimer: This information may not include all dosage options. This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Always consult a healthcare professional that knows your medical history well to determine which dosage would be right for you.

Side Effects

Like any other medicine, the application of Prednisone may be accompanied by some mild to severe side effects appearing on and inside your body with the passage of time. Although it is not guaranteed side effects will or will not appear. Symptoms from mild to severe can appear and seeking medical attention is advised to avoid any severe damage to your body.

Keep in mind that the prime function of this medicine is to lower the sensitivity of your immune system. Therefore, you are more prone to different infectious diseases. However, you have to compare the extent of benefit that you get from the consumption of Prednisone compared to the side effects that may start to appear with regular dosage. If the side effects are higher and tend to increase with time, then you certainly have to see your doctor to describe the adverse side effects such as whitening of your skin or burning sensations. Some other side effects may include sudden changes in mood, headache, affected sleep cycle, dizziness, acne, bulging eyes, red or purple lines under the skin, very slow healing of wounds, fragile skin, weakness in muscles, rapid hair growth, indeterminate menstrual cycles, increased sweating, decreased sexual drive.

In addition to these symptoms, there are some serious indications of stopping the use of Prednisone immediately such as redness in eyes and vision problems, seizures, depression, sore throat or fever, tightening of muscles and involuntary trembling of hands, burning sensation on hands, face, legs and feet, vomiting, irregular heartbeat, stomach ache, shortness of breath, swelling of different body parts such as eyes, hands, legs.

In addition to the aforementioned side effects, the application of this medicine on a child has a very harmful effect by slowing down natural growth. In some cases, excessive use of this medicine may also lead to cancer. Thus, you need to consult your doctor before even thinking about taking this medicine. In case you are regular at going to your local gym or prefer doing exercise outdoors, you have to consult your doctor regarding your physical routine as you have to be extra cautious to avoid getting infected as the immune system is already weak to defend against external agents.

Disclaimer: This information may not include all side effects as drugs affect people differently. This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Always discuss potential risks or sides effects with a healthcare professional that knows your medical history well.

Special Precautions

An individual has to be more cautious if they have a history of high blood pressure or diabetes as the use of Prednisone would worsen these conditions by lowering the activity of our immune system. Likewise, individuals with allergies, or in case you are pregnant, should certainly consult a doctor before its usage.

Prednisone is known to possess inactive ingredients which may cause severe allergic reactions if taken in abundance or more than the prescribed amount. The best thing to do is to share your medical history with your doctor. You should share all kinds of allergic responses to different chemicals that you experience, be it from edible material or pollen particles. Because there is a probability of an increased allergic response to foreign agents after the usage of this medicine.

Prednisone can be stored at room temperature. Special care needs to be taken about its storage facility as it should be free from excessive heat and moisture. Otherwise, the extreme fluctuations of temperature would affect the chemical composition of this medicine making it detrimental for an individual’s health and it will not be able to produce the expected results from the dosage.

The most important thing to consider is Prednisone’s interaction with other medical drugs being consumed by a patient. There is a high probability that these steroids will not be able to produce the anticipated results in the presence of other drugs. Share all the medicines that you are taking nowadays and have been taking in the past as the doctor will evaluate whether the amount of Prednisone is sufficient or if an increase is necessary for the effectiviness of the drug. In general, blood thinners such as warfarin, aspirin used to prevent stroke or heart attack, aldesleukin, azathioprine, and mifepristone are the most common interactive drugs which may lead to serious repercussions if used consistently alongside Prednisone.

If you find any kind of side effects developing after the first or second dose of this medicine, just visit your nearest doctor and share all the symptoms that you have experienced. In case you have accidentally taken an overdose, then visit your doctor immediately as this may have some severe effects on your immune system consequently affecting the whole body and its defense mechanism.

Likewise, you have to be meticulous in its usage if you have started to suffer from insomnia because it is essential for your health to get at least seven to eight hours of sleep. If the medicine has affected your sleep, you need to look for alternatives immediately.

In case of a long term treatment of Prednisolone among children, their normal growth will likely be affected as steroids also have an influence on the thyroid glands directly involved in the production of growth hormones.

Disclaimer: This information may not include all special precautions as drugs affect people differently. This information is not a substitute for medical advice. Always discuss potential risks or sides effects with a healthcare professional that knows your medical history well.

Cases in which Prednisolone should be avoided

The ultimate decision will be made by your doctor after they examine your conditions. Generally if you were in contact with someone suffering from shingles, chickenpox, measles and seem to have some symptoms of their infection, then you probably should stay away from steroids as these may trigger an infection. If you intend to get pregnant or already breastfeeding, consult your doctor before thinking about taking steroids. If you are suffering from an allergy, this is not the right time for you to consider taking Prednisolone as your allergic reactions may get severe with a single dose.

Likewise, if you have recently received a vaccination or are in the process of getting vaccinated, it would be wise to avoid taking Prednisolone as it may be detrimental for your health. If you ever had a heart attack, have high blood pressure, have a stomach ulcer, or liver problems or even epilepsy, Prednisolone, it is important to advise your doctor so they may decide what prescription is best for you. Furthermore, osteoporosis may be triggered with the usage of steroids. In other words, your bones would brittle even faster than their normal decay pattern. Thus, it is not advised for people with weak bones.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the chemical composition of Prednisolone?

Prednisolone belongs to a group of corticosteroids and is used when a human body is unable to produce the required quantity of corticosteroid hormone.

What is the basic purpose of taking Prednisolone?

Prednisolone is generally taken to lower the sensitivity of our immune system so that it may not affect the working of healthy tissues and organs.

How applicable is Prednisolone during and after a kidney transplant?

There is a big probability that the transplanted kidney is not accepted by a body’s immune system. Resultantly, it will be attacked by our body defense mechanism considering the new kidney as a foreign agent similar to a virus or a bacteria. Prednisolone plays a pivotal role in protecting the new kidney from such attacks by lessening the sensitivity of an individual’s immune system

In what circumstances Prednisolone is prescribed by the doctor?

Prednisolone is generally prescribed to patients of asthma, kidney infection, cancer, AIDS, Lupus nephritis.

In what forms Prednisolone is available at pharmacies?

Prednisolone is not only available as a tablet but can also be taken as a liquid solution especially for children.

Is the medicine used for short term or long term treatments?

Prednisolone can be utilized in both cases. However, the dosage may be lowered by the doctor keeping in view the conditions of a patient.

What are the general side effects of using Prednisolone?

Some of the side effects are headache, affected sleep cycle, bulging eyes, red lines under the skin, weakness in muscles, rapid hair growth, increased sweating, seizures, depression, sore throat, fever, tightening of muscles, trembling of hands, burning sensation, vomiting, irregular heartbeat, shortness of breath, swelling of different body parts,

Are there any changes needed in your diet while taking Prednisolone?

You are supposed to take a diet with high concentration of potassium and calcium. On the other side, you have to reduce the consumption of salts within your diet as it may lead to high blood pressure.

Is exercise completely stopped during the Prednisolone course?

An individual can maintain their healthy lifestyle by doing regular exercise. However, one should be extra cautious to avoid excessive physical exertion which may weaken the immune system.

Which precautionary measures are essential for appropriately storing Prednisolone?

The medicine can be stored at room temperature. However, it has to be kept safe from excessive heat and moisture.

Can Prednisolone be taken alongside or after dinner?

Many patients who have used this medicine have complained about experiencing insomnia since the day they have started their course. Thus, it is generally suggested to take this medicine alongside breakfast.

Can Prednisolone be used after getting vaccinated?

There are chances of Prednisolone interacting with the already injected foreign agent in the body. The intake would lead to serious repercussions in the form of high fever, inflammation and irregular body pains.

Can Prednisolone be prescribed to an individual who has a medical history of allergic reactions?

Patients with allergies are more sensitive to exposure against foreign agents. Prednisolone can be taken as a threat and resultantly the body may overreact in the form of swelling and redness of skin.Doctor’s advice should always be taken regarding the use of Prednisolone.

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Xarelto Generic
Xarelto Generic

What is Xarelto?

Xarelto is a brand name for a prescription blood thinner called rivaroxaban that is used to treat or prevent blood clots. Xarelto works by slowing down the body’s ability to clot by selectively blocking one of the clotting factors found in your blood, called Factor Xa. This medication is often prescribed to reduce the risk of blood clots and stroke in people with certain medical conditions, such as atrial fibrillation, deep vein thrombosis (DVT), and pulmonary embolism (PE).

Brand name vs generics:

Xarelto currently exists only as a brand name medication and there is no generic available at this time. However, it seems like a generic version of this drug should be on the way soon, as the drug patents for Xarelto are set to expire sometime in late 2024.

Dosage:

Xarelto comes in a liquid suspension that can be swallowed as well as an oral tablet form in the following dosages: 2.5mg, 5mg, 10mg, 20mg. Your doctor will prescribe the best dosage to fit your specific needs.

How long does Xarelto stay in your system?

Xarelto takes about 2-4 hours to reach its maximum blood thinning effect in the body, and is typically out of the system after 24 hours.

Side Effects:

Xarelto has some common side effects, such as:

  • Bleeding complications, including major bleeding events
  • Fainting
  • Itching
  • Pain in arms or legs
  • Muscle pain/spasms

Contact your doctor if you experience these more serious side effects:

  • Back pain
  • Numbness or muscle weakness in your lower body
  • Loss of bladder or bowel control
  • Easy bruising or bleeding (nosebleeds, bleeding gums, heavy menstrual bleeding),
  • Pain, swelling, new drainage or excessive bleeding from a wound or where a needle was injected
  • Any bleeding that will not stop
  • Headaches
  • Dizziness/Lightheadedness
  • Weakness
  • Urine that looks red, pink or brown
  • Bloody or tarry stools
  • Coughing up blood or vomit that looks like coffee grounds

Xarelto cost:

Like most medications, the cost of Xarelto will vary based on insurance coverage, pharmacy, and location. You can use eNavvi to determine the cost based on your specific situation. Because there is no generic version of Xarelto yet, this brand name medication can be prohibitively expensive. You and your doctor can use eNavvi to help search for the best price of this medication for you.

Disclaimer

The information included in this page is not a substitute for medical advice. The list of side effects may not include all side effects as drugs can affect all people differently. Any dosage information may not include all dosage information. It is important to discuss with a medical professional that knows your medical history well which dosage is right for you and if there are any potential risks or possible side effects. Our goal is to provide relevant information but this page may not include all up-to-date information.

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Levoxyl
Levoxyl

What is Levoxyl?


Levoxyl is Pfizer’s brand name for a medication containing the active ingredient levothyroxine, a hormone similar to thyroxine, or T4, the main hormone that is made and released by your thyroid gland.

What is Levoxyl used for?

Levoxyl is used to treat underactive thyroids by replacing or giving extra levothyroxine to those who do not naturally produce enough of this hormone. It can also be used to treat people who need surgery and radioiodine therapy to manage a type of thyroid cancer called well-differentiated thyroid cancer. Both children and adults can be treated with Levoxyl.

Levoxyl cost

Levoxyl costs depend on health plan coverage as well as the drug prescribed. You or your doctor can use eNavvi to determine which version of this drug is within coverage and if there are any prior authorizations or step-therapy requirements.

Levoxyl generic name

Levoxyl is available in its generic form under the same name as its active ingredient, levothyroxine. However, it is important to know that the generic form of Levoxyl may contain more variations in potency and additives.

Levothyroxine vs Levoxyl

Levothyroxine is the active ingredient in Levoxyl. Levothyroxine in its generic form is different from Levoxyl because of inactive filler ingredients.

Levoxyl vs Synthroid

Synthroid is another brand name medication containing levothyroxine as its active ingredient. Although Synthroid and Levoxyl share the same active ingredient, they contain different inactive filler ingredients. Both products are considered by the FDA to be therapeutically equivalent, meaning that they are expected to produce the same clinical effect and be equally safe for consumption. While these medications are legally allowed to be substituted for each other, it is not advised to switch frequently between different forms of levothyroxine because this can cause enough variation to cause a noticeable effect on thyroid hormone levels and symptom control.

Side effects:

The most common side effects of Levoxyl are listed on Pfizer’s website as follows:

  • irregular heartbeat
  • chest pain
  • shortness of breath
  • leg cramps
  • headache
  • nervousness
  • hives or skin rash
  • irritability
  • sleep problems (insomnia)
  • tremors
  • muscle weakness
  • change in appetite
  • weight loss
  • vomiting
  • diarrhea
  • sweating a lot
  • heat intolerance
  • fever
  • changes in menstrual period

Levoxyl can cause more serious side effects in some people who have other medical conditions.T

Those with heart conditions should be aware that they may experience an increased heart rate, chest pain and irregular heartbeat. The risk of developing heart problems may be greater if you are elderly, have heart problems, or if you take too much Levoxyl. Levoxyl can also make it harder for diabetics to control their blood sugar levels, which can cause hyperglycemia while taking this medication. If you are diabetic and taking Levoxyl, it is recommended that you check your blood sugar levels closely after starting, changing, or
stopping treatment with Levoxyl, and tell your healthcare provider if there are any changes. Your healthcare provider may have to change your diabetes treatment plan.

Can Levoxyl cause weight gain?

Levoxyl is more likely to cause weight loss as a side effect. Weight gain on Levoxyl may be a sign of under treatment according to the American Thyroid Association.

Does Levoxyl contain gluten?

Levoxyl does not contain gluten, and is therefore considered gluten-free. The inactive ingredients in Levoxyl are microcrystalline cellulose, croscarmellose sodium, magnesium stearate, calcium sulfate dihydrate, sodium bicarbonate, and coloring additives.

Disclaimer

The information included in this page is not a substitute for medical advice. The list of side effects may not include all side effects as drugs can affect all people differently. Any dosage information may not include all dosage information. It is important to discuss with a medical professional that knows your medical history well which dosage is right for you and if there are any potential risks or possible side effects. Our goal is to provide relevant information but this page may not include all up-to-date information.

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Metformin Cost

What is Metformin?

Metformin is a low cost oral medication used to treat type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas is unable to produce enough insulin, a hormone that regulates the movement of sugar into the cells. This condition results in too much sugar circulating in the blood, and over time, this excess sugar causes high blood sugar levels which can result in disorders of the circulatory, nervous and immune system.

While Metformin’s method of action is not fully understood, its effects are known to be helpful for those with type 2 diabetes. Metformin is the only member of a class of drugs called biguanides, which work to treat type 2 diabetes by decreasing the amount of glucose produced by the liver during digestion.

Metformin works in many ways to lower blood sugar. Inhibiting the liver’s glucose production helps reduce the amount of glucose in the bloodstream, and increased sensitivity to insulin allows cells to take up glucose from the bloodstream more efficiently which also aids in lowering blood sugar. Additionally, metformin might also have an effect on the absorption of glucose by the intestines and the way the body processes certain fats and proteins.

Other Uses for Metformin:

Recent research has shown that taking Metformin may have advantages that go much further than just treatment for diabetes. Metformin is already well known for its cardiovascular benefits, including lower rates of death due to cardiovascular disease. However, researchers are also looking further into other benefits of Metformin such as lower risks of cancer, dementia, and strokes. There are preliminary studies showing that Metformin might even slow aging, help prevent age related diseases, and increase longevity.

Generics of Metformin:

Metformin has several generic equivalents on the market under names such as Glucophage, Glucophage XR, Fortamet, Glumetza, and Riomet. Generic versions of brand name drugs are ensured by the Food and Drug Administration to have identical active ingredients and be just as effective and potent as their brand name counterparts. They also may be available at a lower cost depending on location, dosage, pharmacy, and insurance coverage.

Side effects:

Like all medications, Metformin can also cause some side effects such as the following:

  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Stomach pain
  • Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)
  • Sweating
  • Shaking
  • Confusion
  • Dizziness
  • Fainting
  • Vitamin B12 deficiency
  • Skin reactions like rashes, itching, or hives

Gastrointestinal distress can be very common with Metformin and can cause some patients to be intolerant of the drug regardless of its benefits. However, studies have shown that there are advantages to prescribing the extended release version of Metformin in these instances. Extended release Metformin is shown to be just as effective as immediate release Metformin and can allow patients to reduce dosage to once daily, with added benefits for those who have experienced adverse gastrointestinal symptoms.

Metformin cost:

Metformin is a commonly prescribed and relatively inexpensive drug, and generic versions of it make it even more affordable for some patients. You can look up metformin cost online at eNavvi to determine what your copay may be. The cash price for metformin for a one-month prescription for 60, 1000mg tablets averages around $12.

Metformin is a long term maintenance drug for diabetes, so those prescribed this medication can expect to pay around $144 a year if they’re paying the full cash price without help from insurance. Most health insurance coverage will reduce that cost even further, but of course there are many factors like location, plan specifics, copay costs, and deductibles. eNavvi can help you find more information on the price of this medication for you.

Disclaimer

The information included in this page is not a substitute for medical advice. The list of side effects may not include all side effects as drugs can affect all people differently. Any dosage information may not include all dosage information. It is important to discuss with a medical professional that knows your medical history well which dosage is right for you and if there are any potential risks or possible side effects. Our goal is to provide relevant information but this page may not include all up-to-date information.

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Zomaril
Zomaril

What is Zomaril used to treat?

Zomaril is the former name of a brand name medication called iloperidone, which currently known as Fanapt. Zomaril is an atypical antipsychotic used to improve mood, thoughts, and behaviors in people schizophrenia. Like other drugs used to treat schizophrenia, the method of action that produces its therapeutic effect is unknown.

Brand and Generic Names:

Fanapt is the current brand name for the medication iloperidone, formerly known as Zomaril. Its name was changed years ago by its manufacturer Novartis in response to the FDA’s concerns about possible confusion with another product. There is no generic version of iloperidone.

Zomaril dosage:


As with other medications, dosage for Zomaril will vary based on medical condition, potential interactions with other drugs, and response to treatment. Zomaril is known to cause low blood pressure when starting or increasing the dose, so it is likely that a doctor will prescribe this mediation starting with a low dose and working up to an optimal dose. This process could take 1-2 weeks.

The approved dosage for Zomaril is between 12-24mg. Examination on Zomaril’s safety and tolerability showed that this drug was fairly well tolerated at 5mg per day with side effects ranging from mild to moderate in severity. The side effects decreased when the medication was taken with food. Although 5mg is less than the recommended dose, there are reports of improved tolerability.

Side Effects

Zomaril is known to have common side effects such as:

  • dizziness,
  • drowsiness,
  • lightheadedness,
  • dry mouth, tiredness,
  • stuffy nose,
  • and weight gain.

This medication may also cause a serious drop in blood pressure.

Let a medical professional know if you have more serious side effects like drooling/trouble swallowing, signs of infection like a lingering cough, shaking or tremors, muscle spasms, or interrupted breathing during sleep.

Get medical help right away if you experience any of the following symptoms or conditions:

  • fainting,
  • fast/irregular heartbeat,
  • seizures,
  • severe dizziness,
  • chest pain, fever,
  • muscle stiffness/pain/tenderness/weakness,
  • severe tiredness,
  • severe confusion,
  • sweating, dark urine,
  • signs of kidney problems,
  • rash,
  • itching/swelling of the face/tongue/throat, or
  • trouble breathing.

Does Zomaril cause weight gain?

Similar to other atypical antipsychotics as well as other mental health medications, Zomaril is known to cause weight gain. In studies comparing Zomaril to two other antipsychotics, Zomaril was shown to cause more weight gain in both cases.

Zomaril cost

Zomaril, now known as Fanapt, can be very expensive even with insurance. No generic version of Zomaril (iloperidone) is available at this time. You can use eNavvi to check the cost of this medication through your health plan in your location.

Disclaimer

The information included in this page is not a substitute for medical advice. The list of side effects may not include all side effects as drugs can affect all people differently. Any dosage information may not include all dosage information. It is important to discuss with a medical professional that knows your medical history well which dosage is right for you and if there are any potential risks or possible side effects. Our goal is to provide relevant information but this page may not include all up-to-date information.

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Minocycline
Minocycline

Minocycline belongs in the tetracycline drug class and is an antibiotic used to fight infections in your body. To check if your insurance plan covers minocycline use eNavvi.

Disclaimer

The information included in this page is not a substitute for medical advice. The list of side effects may not include all side effects as drugs can affect all people differently. Any dosage information may not include all dosage information. It is important to discuss with a medical professional that knows your medical history well which dosage is right for you and if there are any potential risks or possible side effects. Our goal is to provide relevant information but this page may not include all up-to-date information.

What is Minocycline used for?

Minocycline is used to treat a variety of infections. Some of the infections that are treated with this antibiotic include but are not limited to:

Severe acne

Chlamydia 

Respiratory infections

Urinary tract infections

Skin infections

For individuals with a penicillin allergy, this medication may be prescribed to treat specific infections as a second-line of defense.

Minocycline can be taken in a variety of ways. The medication can be ingested in pill or liquid form. There is minocycline foam which is a topical application of the medication. Or if determined best by your physician, the prescription can also be administered through an injection.

Minocycline Side Effects

As with any medication, this antibiotic can come along with side effects. Some side effects can include but are not limited to:

  • numbness, tingling, burning pain;
  • hair loss;
  • discoloration of skin or nails.
  • dizziness; vision issues,
  • muscle or joint pain which may include a fever
  • loss of appetite; nausea or vomiting
  • diarrhea
  • little to no urination which may indicate kidney issues
  • easy bruising
  • flu-like symptoms, chest pain, worsening cough, difficulties breathing

It is important to call your doctor if you begin to experience the above mentioned symptoms to determine if minocycline is ok for you to continue taking. It is also important to always consult your doctor before stopping any medication.

Do Side Effects Go Away?

If you are wondering how long the side effects last, unfortunately this varies from person to person. Some of the less serious side effects associated with this prescription medication such as headaches or dry mouth typically go away as your body adjusts to the medication.

If these symptoms persist and are not desirable, it is best to consult your doctor to learn if there are ways to mitigate the symptoms.

Does Minocycline Cause Weight Gain?

A common question around this medication is if minocycline causes weight gain. While for many weight gain may not be an issue, there are studies that show weight gain is a possibility.

Minocycline was given to 100 patients with cystic fibrosis of the pancreas and there was reported weight amongst some of the participants in the study. It found that men were more likely to gain weight than women.

Consult your doctor before beginning to take the medication if weight gain is of a concern to weigh the pros and cons of taking the medication to treat your specific ailment. Whether or not minocycline may cause weight gain may depend on a variety of factors and your doctor will be the best at assessing your situation.

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Albuterol Neublizer
Albuterol Neublizer

What is an albuterol nebulizer?

An albuterol nebulizer refers to the method of delivering albuterol medication using a nebulizer device. Albuterol is a bronchodilator medication commonly used to treat and manage respiratory conditions such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and other lung diseases. A nebulizer is a device that converts liquid medication into a fine mist or aerosol form, which can be inhaled into the lungs. The nebulizer consists of a compressor that generates compressed air or oxygen, a medication cup to hold the liquid medication, and a mouthpiece or mask for the patient to inhale the aerosol. When using an albuterol nebulizer, the liquid albuterol solution is placed into the medication cup of the nebulizer. The compressor then forces air or oxygen through the medication cup, causing the medication to be transformed into a mist. The patient inhales the mist through a mouthpiece or mask, allowing the medication to reach the lungs and provide bronchodilation, which helps to open up the airways and relieve symptoms such as wheezing, shortness of breath, and coughing. Nebulizers are often used in situations where individuals have difficulty using inhalers, such as young children or those with severe respiratory conditions. They can also be useful during acute episodes of breathing difficulties or when a higher dose of medication is required.

What is an albuterol nebulizer? 

Is albuterol a steroid?

No, albuterol is not a steroid medication. It belongs to a class of drugs known as bronchodilators or beta-agonists. Albuterol works by stimulating the beta-2 adrenergic receptors in the smooth muscles of the airways, leading to relaxation and widening of the air passages in the lungs. This action helps to relieve bronchospasm and improve airflow, making it easier to breathe. Steroids, on the other hand, belong to a different class of medications called corticosteroids or glucocorticoids. Steroids work by reducing inflammation in the airways and suppressing the immune response. They are often used as an anti-inflammatory treatment for respiratory conditions such as asthma and COPD. While albuterol and steroids can be used to manage respiratory conditions, they have different mechanisms of action and are prescribed for different purposes. Albuterol is primarily used for short-term relief of symptoms during acute episodes of bronchospasm, while steroids are often used for long-term control and prevention of inflammation in the airways.

How to use an albuterol inhaler?

Using an albuterol inhaler correctly is important to ensure the medication reaches your lungs effectively. Here are some basic first steps on how to use an albuterol inhaler:

  • Prepare the inhaler: Remove the cap from the inhaler and shake it well to ensure the medication is properly mixed. If it’s a new inhaler or hasn’t been used for a while, you may need to prime it by spraying a few doses into the air (following the instructions provided by the manufacturer).
  • Breathe out: Exhale fully to empty your lungs.
  • Hold the inhaler: Hold the inhaler upright with your thumb at the base and your index and middle fingers on the top, or as directed by the specific inhaler design.
  • Form a good seal: Place the mouthpiece of the inhaler in your mouth, ensuring a tight seal around it with your lips.
  • Start inhaling: As you begin to breathe in slowly and deeply through your mouth, press down on the canister to release a dose of medication. Continue inhaling steadily until your lungs are full.
  • Hold your breath: Once you’ve inhaled the medication, remove the inhaler from your mouth and hold your breath for about 10 seconds, or for as long as comfortable. This allows the medication to settle in your airways.
  • Exhale and repeat: Breathe out slowly and normally. If you need another dose, wait for about 1 minute before repeating the process. If only one dose is prescribed, replace the cap on the inhaler.

Does albuterol expire?

Yes, albuterol inhalers have an expiration date. Like any medication, albuterol can lose its effectiveness and potency over time. The expiration date is typically printed on the packaging of the inhaler or on the canister itself. It is important to check the expiration date before using the medication. Expired albuterol inhalers may not provide the expected relief or therapeutic effect. The medication may not work as effectively in opening up the airways and relieving symptoms of bronchospasm. Using expired medication is generally not recommended as it may not be safe or effective. If you have an expired albuterol inhaler, it is advisable to dispose of it properly and obtain a new inhaler with an unexpired medication.

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Albuterol Neublizer
Albuterol Neublizer

What is an albuterol nebulizer?

An albuterol nebulizer refers to the method of delivering albuterol medication using a nebulizer device. Albuterol is a bronchodilator medication commonly used to treat and manage respiratory conditions such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and other lung diseases. A nebulizer is a device that converts liquid medication into a fine mist or aerosol form, which can be inhaled into the lungs. The nebulizer consists of a compressor that generates compressed air or oxygen, a medication cup to hold the liquid medication, and a mouthpiece or mask for the patient to inhale the aerosol. When using an albuterol nebulizer, the liquid albuterol solution is placed into the medication cup of the nebulizer. The compressor then forces air or oxygen through the medication cup, causing the medication to be transformed into a mist. The patient inhales the mist through a mouthpiece or mask, allowing the medication to reach the lungs and provide bronchodilation, which helps to open up the airways and relieve symptoms such as wheezing, shortness of breath, and coughing. Nebulizers are often used in situations where individuals have difficulty using inhalers, such as young children or those with severe respiratory conditions. They can also be useful during acute episodes of breathing difficulties or when a higher dose of medication is required.

What is an albuterol nebulizer? 

Is albuterol a steroid?

No, albuterol is not a steroid medication. It belongs to a class of drugs known as bronchodilators or beta-agonists. Albuterol works by stimulating the beta-2 adrenergic receptors in the smooth muscles of the airways, leading to relaxation and widening of the air passages in the lungs. This action helps to relieve bronchospasm and improve airflow, making it easier to breathe. Steroids, on the other hand, belong to a different class of medications called corticosteroids or glucocorticoids. Steroids work by reducing inflammation in the airways and suppressing the immune response. They are often used as an anti-inflammatory treatment for respiratory conditions such as asthma and COPD. While albuterol and steroids can be used to manage respiratory conditions, they have different mechanisms of action and are prescribed for different purposes. Albuterol is primarily used for short-term relief of symptoms during acute episodes of bronchospasm, while steroids are often used for long-term control and prevention of inflammation in the airways.

How to use an albuterol inhaler?

Using an albuterol inhaler correctly is important to ensure the medication reaches your lungs effectively. Here are some basic first steps on how to use an albuterol inhaler:

  • Prepare the inhaler: Remove the cap from the inhaler and shake it well to ensure the medication is properly mixed. If it’s a new inhaler or hasn’t been used for a while, you may need to prime it by spraying a few doses into the air (following the instructions provided by the manufacturer).
  • Breathe out: Exhale fully to empty your lungs.
  • Hold the inhaler: Hold the inhaler upright with your thumb at the base and your index and middle fingers on the top, or as directed by the specific inhaler design.
  • Form a good seal: Place the mouthpiece of the inhaler in your mouth, ensuring a tight seal around it with your lips.
  • Start inhaling: As you begin to breathe in slowly and deeply through your mouth, press down on the canister to release a dose of medication. Continue inhaling steadily until your lungs are full.
  • Hold your breath: Once you’ve inhaled the medication, remove the inhaler from your mouth and hold your breath for about 10 seconds, or for as long as comfortable. This allows the medication to settle in your airways.
  • Exhale and repeat: Breathe out slowly and normally. If you need another dose, wait for about 1 minute before repeating the process. If only one dose is prescribed, replace the cap on the inhaler.

Does albuterol expire?

Yes, albuterol inhalers have an expiration date. Like any medication, albuterol can lose its effectiveness and potency over time. The expiration date is typically printed on the packaging of the inhaler or on the canister itself. It is important to check the expiration date before using the medication. Expired albuterol inhalers may not provide the expected relief or therapeutic effect. The medication may not work as effectively in opening up the airways and relieving symptoms of bronchospasm. Using expired medication is generally not recommended as it may not be safe or effective. If you have an expired albuterol inhaler, it is advisable to dispose of it properly and obtain a new inhaler with an unexpired medication.

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Dulera
Dulera

Dulera is a brand name asthma medication that is a combination of two active ingredients: mometasone furoate, an inhaled corticosteroid (ICS), and formoterol fumarate dihydrate, a long-acting beta-agonist (LABA). Mometasone furoate works by reducing inflammation in the airways of the lungs, which can help to prevent asthma symptoms such as wheezing, shortness of breath, and coughing.

Formoterol fumarate works by relaxing the muscles in the airways, which can help to open them up and make breathing easier. These two medications work well together as a maintenance treatment that helps people with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) improve lung function and reduce symptoms over time. While Dulera is an inhaled medication, it is not intended for use as a rescue inhaler during an asthma attack or for use as a method of immediate relief for asthma symptoms.

Is there a generic version of Dulera?

Dulera is not currently available in generic form. By definition, a generic drug must have the same amount of the same active ingredient and be identical to the brand name counterpart in both potency and efficacy. Generic medications containing the individual components of Dulera are available from several manufacturers, but the metered dose inhaler combination medication is still only available as its brand name.

Dulera vs Advair

Dulera and Advair are two similar but different prescription combination medications that are used to treat people who have asthma and/or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Both medications contain different versions of two active ingredients: a long-acting beta-agonist (LABA) and an inhaled corticosteroid (ICS).

Dulera contains the LABA formoterol and the ICS mometasone, while Advair contains the LABA salmeterol and the ICS fluticasone. Advair is approved to treat people aged 4 and over, while Dulera is indicated for the treatment of people aged 12 and over. These medications also require different doses and have a few different side effects. As for difference in cost, Advair tends to be more expensive in general.

Dulera Long Term Side Effects

Like all medications, Dulera has the potential to cause side effects, some of which may be long-term. Possible long term side effects of Dulera may include the following:

  • Increased risk of infections: Dulera can weaken the immune system, increasing the risk of infections such as pneumonia, thrush, and viral infections.
  • Adrenal suppression: The mometasone in Dulera can suppress the function of the adrenal glands, which produce hormones that regulate various bodily functions. This can lead to adrenal insufficiency, a condition in which the body doesn't produce enough of these hormones. Symptoms may include fatigue, muscle weakness, weight loss, and low blood pressure.
  • Osteoporosis: Long-term use of inhaled corticosteroids like mometasone can lead to bone loss and osteoporosis. This is more likely to occur in women, smokers, and people who have a family history of osteoporosis.
  • Glaucoma and cataracts: Long-term use of inhaled corticosteroids like mometasone can increase the risk of glaucoma and cataracts, which can lead to vision problems.
  • Growth suppression in children: In rare cases, long-term use of inhaled corticosteroids like mometasone can lead to growth suppression in children.

Dulera Withdrawal Symptoms

If you stop taking Dulera suddenly or decrease your dose too quickly, there is a potential that you will experience withdrawal from Dulera. One of Dulera’s active ingredients is a long-acting bronchodilator called formoterol that can cause physical dependence when used regularly over a long period of time. Since Dulera is a long term maintenance medication, there is a risk that physical dependence can happen.

Symptoms of Dulera withdrawal may include:

  • Wheezing, shortness of breath, or chest tightness
  • Coughing
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Muscle pain or weakness
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Anxiety or irritability
  • Insomnia

To minimize the risk of withdrawal symptoms, it's important to talk to your doctor before stopping Dulera or making any changes to your dose. Your doctor can help you develop a plan for tapering off the medication gradually and safely. They may also recommend other treatments to manage your asthma or COPD symptoms during the withdrawal process.

Dulera Cost

When compared to other asthma inhalers on the market, Dulera can be considered relatively expensive. As with all medications, the cost of Dulera can vary based on numerous factors like dosage, pharmacy, location, and insurance coverage. Specific prices for medications can be hard to determine, but eNavvi is helping to make that information more accessible.

You can use eNavvi to check what the cost of dulera would be with your location specific health plan.

Disclaimer

The information included in this page is not a substitute for medical advice. The list of side effects may not include all side effects as drugs can affect all people differently. Any dosage information may not include all dosage information. It is important to discuss with a medical professional that knows your medical history well which dosage is right for you and if there are any potential risks or possible side effects. Our goal is to provide relevant information but this page may not include all up-to-date information.

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